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Porirua is a city in New Zealand, centred 20 km north of central Wellington. The city completely surrounds Porirua Harbour, part of which has world-class estuarine values. It is at the southern end of the Kapiti Coast, yet has considerable links with the Wellington urban area to the south-west, such as being included in "Wellington" for Met Service weather forecasts and having far more of its people employed in Wellington than on the Kapiti Coast. The estimated population of Porirua in 2004 was 50,000.

HistoryEdit

Main article: History of Porirua

The name "Porirua" is of Maori origin. It is possibly a variant of "Pari-rua" ("two tides"), a reference to the two arms of the Porirua Harbour. It was the name given in the 19th century to a land registration district that stretched from Kaiwharawhara (or "Kaiwarra") (on the north-west shore of Wellington Harbour) northwards to and around Porirua Harbour. A road climbing the hill from Kaiwharawhara towards Ngaio is still called "Old Porirua Road".

In the 19th century a small Maori settlement existed, and a small European village grew up, partly because of the need for a ferry across the harbour. Late in that century the Porirua Mental Hospital was erected on the hill south-west of the village.

Originally planned in the late 1940s to become a satellite city to Wellington with State housing, Porirua (formally created a city in 1965) has grown to a city population expecting soon to reach 55,000. Major territorial additions to the city were made in 1973 and 1988 as part of the reduction and eventual abolition of the Hutt County.

Suburbs and featuresEdit

Suburbs include Aotea, Ascot Park, Camborne, Cannons Creek, Elsdon (named after writer Elsdon Best), Hongoeka Bay, Kenepuru, Okowai, Onepoto, Papakowhai, Paremata, Pauatahanui, Plimmerton, Pukerua Bay (where film-maker Peter Jackson grew up), Ranui Heights, Takapuwahia (originally a Ngati Toa settlement), Titahi Bay, Waitangirua, and Whitby. Rural localities include Judgeford and Horokiri.

Off the coast is Mana Island, a government-owned revegetation and wildlife area free of predators, where numerous endangered species are increasing their populations.

Porirua is also the home of the Royal New Zealand Police College, where all police recruits receive some 19 weeks' training.

Until a recent merger, Porirua's tallest (13-storey) occupied building was the headquarters of Wrightson Ltd, one of the country's oldest rural servicing companies with origins going back to the 1860s.

City administrative areaEdit

Local government in the area is shared by Porirua City Council and Greater Wellington Regional Council. The name "Porirua" was first applied to a local government council in 1961 when Makara County to the west of Wellington was abolished, the mostly rural western part becoming the Makara Ward of Hutt County and the rapidly growing eastern urban portion becoming the Borough of Porirua. Four years later, the population was officially estimated at over the 20,000 threshold then necessary for Porirua to be declared a city and it was formally proclaimed one.

On 1 April 1973 large areas to the north-east (and a few elsewhere) were transferred to the city (by popular vote) from Hutt County, and Mana Island, which had not been under county control, was added too. In 1988 a further addition was the Horokiri Riding of the about-to-be-abolished county, containing most of the new Whitby suburb, the village of Pauatahanui, and substantial rural areas.

The city and its council have remained into the 21st century despite a couple of proposals that the name be changed to "Mana" and several small movements for amalgamation with Wellington City.

Councillors and other notable residentsEdit

Notable councillors of Porirua have included:

Other prominent residents have included poet Alistair Campbell, golfer Michael Campbell, film-maker Peter Jackson, Charles Masina ("Jimmy" the face of Fanta), and singer/songwriter Ramon Te Wake.

EconomyEdit

A growing central business district with industry on the fringes helps the city move towards more self-sufficiency in employment.

Average household income is the fourth-highest in the country.

MediaEdit

The first major newspaper to centre on the area was the Kapi-Mana News, which was started by a resident of Paremata, Gladstone Hill, on 9 November 1949 and (now owned by a conglomerate) remains the largest weekly paper circulating in the area.

The other main weekly started in the 1970s, based in Cannons Creek, named Te Awa Iti (the little creek). The enthusiasts (such as Don Polly) who started it eventually succumbed to big business; it is now owned by a conglomerate and named Porirua City News.

There is a local FM radio station.

Create or visit more subpages about aspects of the city and its surroundingsEdit

Calendar for the current yearEdit

(Add items to any day by editing the page in the normal wiki way; see Help:Calendar for detail.)

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External linksEdit


Territorial Authority Districts of New Zealand
Cities:
Auckland | Hamilton | Tauranga | Napier | Palmerston North | Porirua | Upper Hutt | Lower Hutt | Wellington | Nelson* | Christchurch | Dunedin | Invercargill
Districts:
North Island: Far North | Whangarei | Kaipara | Thames-Coromandel | Hauraki | Waikato | Matamata-Piako | Waipa | South Waikato | Otorohanga | Rotorua | Waitomo | Taupo | Western Bay of Plenty | Whakatane | Kawerau| Opotiki | Gisborne* | Wairoa | Hastings | Central Hawke's Bay | New Plymouth | Stratford | South Taranaki | Ruapehu | Wanganui | Rangitikei | Manawatu | Tararua | Horowhenua | Kapiti Coast | Masterton | Carterton | South Wairarapa
South Island: Tasman* | Marlborough* | Buller | Grey | Westland | Kaikoura | Hurunui | Waimakariri | Selwyn | Ashburton | Timaru | Mackenzie | Waimate | Waitaki | Queenstown-Lakes | Central Otago | Clutha | Gore | Southland
Territory: Chatham Islands
*unitary authorities



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