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New Zealand general election, 1914

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1914 General Election
Leader:
William Ferguson Massey

William Massey
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Joseph George Ward

Joseph Ward
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Party:
Reform
Liberal
Leader Since:
1909
1906
Leaders seat:
Franklin
Awarua
Last election:
38 seats
36 seats
Seats Won:
40 seats
34 seats
Popular vote:
243,025
227,706
Leader:
Alfred H. Hindmarsh

Alfred Hindmarsh
{{{title}}}
James McCombs

James McCombs
{{{title}}}
Party:
United Labour
Social Democrats
Leader Since:
1914
unclear
Leaders seat:
Wellington South
Lyttelton
Last election:
2 seats (as Labour)
2 seats (as Labour)
Seats Won:
3 seats
2 seats
Popular vote:
22,672
22,500

The New Zealand general election of 1914 was held on 10 December to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 19th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Maori vote was held on 11 December. A total number of 616,043 voters were registered, of which 84.7% voters turned out to vote.[1]

The election saw William Massey's Reform Party maintain power. The second-ballot voting system had been repealed in 1913, and first-past-the-post voting reinstated for the 1914 election.[1]

Soldiers serving overseas in the NZEF were given a vote by the Expeditionary Forces Voting Act, 1914. They voted for a party (Liberal, Labour or Reform) and their votes were allocated to a candidate for their electorate by a representative of their party; which sometimes required the representative to choose between rival "Liberal" or "Labour" candidates.

Summary of ResultsEdit

Auckland West, Hawke's Bay, Taumarunui, Wairarapa, Waitaki and Wellington Central were won by the Liberals from Reform. Chalmers, Dunedin West, Motueka, and Northern Maori were won by Reform from the Liberals. Nelson and Otaki were won by Reform from independents.

Dunedin North was won by United Labour from Reform. Four electorates replaced their incumbent MP with another from the same party: Christchurch East and Temuka (Liberal), Eden and Wellington Suburbs and Country (Reform).

Party TotalsEdit

1914

Layout of Parliament after the 1914 election.

Election results
Party Total votes Percentage Seats won
Reform Party 243,025 45.47 40
Liberal Party 227,706 42.61 34
United Labour 22,672 4.24 3
Social Democrat 22,500 4.21 2
Independents 18,554 3.47 1
Total: 534,457 80

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout. Elections New Zealand. Retrieved on 10 December 2011.
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