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List of native trees

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Native trees of New Zealand, ordered by Māori name:




 
'Māori name
Botanical name (should be italic)
Family
Notes
aka Metrosideros fulgens Myrtaceae  
akakiore/kaiku/kaikuku Parsonsia capsularis Apocynaceae New Zealand jasmine
akakura Metrosideros carminea Myrtaceae  
akapuka/puka Griselinia lucida Griseliniaceae (Related to Aucuba. Griselinia littoralis, kapuka,  is "Broadleaf"
akatawhiwhi Metrosideros fulgens Myrtaceae Rata vine 
akatea Metrosideros albiflora Myrtaceae  White rata
akeake Dodonaea viscosa Sapindaceae ("Purpurea" is a popular variety)  
akeake Olearia avicenniaefolia Asteraceae  
akeake Olearia traversii Asteraceae (Chatham Island Akeake
akepiro Olearia furfuracea Asteraceae  
akiraho Olearia paniculata Asteraceae  
arorangi Olearia macrodonta Asteraceae  
ewekuri Paratrophis banksii Moraceae  
haekaro Pittosporum umbellatum Pittosporaceae  
hakeke Olearia ilicifolia Asteraceae New Zealand holly 
hangatare Olearia semidentata Asteraceae  
hangehange Geniostoma ligustrifolium Loganiaceae  
harakeke Phormium tenax Agavaceae (New Zealand Flax)  
haumakaroa Neopanax or Pseudopanax simplex Araliaceae  
haumangaroa Pseudopanax edgerleyi Araliaceae ("raukawa" hoki) 
heketara Olearia rani Asteraceae  
hinau Elaeocarpus dentatus Elaeocarpaceae  
hoho Pseudopanax chathamicum Araliaceae  
horoeka Pseudopanax crassifolium Araliaceae (Lancewood
horokaka Disphyma australe [[]]  
horopito? Pseudowintera axillaris Winteraceae  
horopito Pseudowintera colorata Winteraceae (Pepper Tree
houhere Hoheria populnea Malvaceae (Lacebark)  (Note that the most valuable genus in the Malvaceae family is Gossypium, the cotton plant)
houhi Hoheria glabrata Malvaceae (Mountain ribbonwood)
houhi puruhi Hoheria angustifolia Malvaceae  
houmapara Pseudopanax lessonii Araliaceae  
houpara/parapara Pseudopanax lessonii Araliaceae  
hungere Hoheria angustifolia Malvaceae  
huperei Gastrodia cunninghamii Orchidaceae?  
hupiro Coprosma foetidissima Rubiaceae  
hutu Ascarina lucida Chloranthaceae  (when young, can be confused with pukatea)
inanga Dracophyllum longifolium Epacridaceae (Grass tree)  
kahikatea Podocarpus/Dacrycarpus dacrydioides Podocarpaceae (White Pine
kaihua Parsonsia heterophylla Apocynaceae New Zealand jasmine 
kaikawaka/pahautea/ Libocedrus bidwillii Cupressaceae Southern cedar; Mountain cedar; "discovered by Bidwill in Nelson in 1840 
kaikomako Pennantia corymbosa Icacinaceae (Said to be the principal tree into which the seeds of fire fled during the contest between Maui and Mahuika; the best wood for firesticks) 
kaiku/akakiore/kaikuku Parsonsia capsularis Apocynaceae New Zealand jasmine
kaikuku/akakiore/kaiku/ Parsonsia capsularis Apocynaceae New Zealand jasmine
kaiweta/mahoewao Melicytus lanceolatus Violaceae  
kaiwhiria Parsonsia capsularis Apocynaceae  
kamahi Weinmannia racemosa Cunoniaceae  
kanono Coprosma australis Rubiaceae  
kanuka Leptospermum ericoides Myrtaceae (Tea-tree
kapuka Griselinia littoralis Griseliniaceae ("Broadleaf"
karaka Corynocarpus laevigatus Corynocarpaceae New Zealand laurel 
karamu Coprosma robusta Rubiaceae  
karangu Coprosma lucida Rubiaceae  
karapapa Alseuosmia macrophylla Caprifoliaceae  
karo Pittosporum crassifolium Pittosporaceae  (used for shelterbelts on the Scilly Isles)
kātote  ?  ?  ? 
kauri Agathis australis   Araucariaceae  ("discovered" by Marion du Fresne, 1772, Bay of Islands; 29 Mei 1772 the first one to be felled by a pakeha; related to Norfolk Island Pine, Australian bunya-bunya, and Chilean monkey-puzzle)
kawaka Libocedrus plumosa   Cupressaceae New Zealand cedar 
kawakawa Macropiper excelsum Piperaceae (Pepper tree
keketerehe Olearia chathamica Asteraceae  
kiekie Freycinetia banksii Pandanaceae  
kiokio Blechnum capense [[]]  
kiwakiwa Blechnum fluviatile [[]]  
kohekohe Dysoxylum spectabile Meliaceae New Zealand mahogany
kohia Tetrapathaea tetranda Passifloraceae New Zealand passion flower  
kohuhu Pittosporum tenuifolium   Pittosporaceae (misnamed "matipo"; many varieties; flourishes in Cornwall
kohurangi Senecio kirkii Asteraceae  
kokohurangi Senecio kirkii Asteraceae  
kokomuka Hebe elliptica Scrophulariaceae
kokomuka taranga Hebe parviflora Scrophulariaceae  
konini/kotukutuku Fuchsia excorticata Onagraceae  
kopukapuka Myosotidium hortensia Boraginaceae Chatham Island forget-me-not
korau/mamaku Cyathea medullaris Cyatheaceae (Black tree fern)  
korokio Corokia cotoneaster Cornaceae  
korokio taranga Corokia buddleioides Cornaceae (collected by Allan Cunningham, 1826, Bay of Islands
koromiko Hebe salicifolia Scrophulariaceae (leaf bud has a sinus
koromiko Hebe stricta Scrophulariaceae (leaf bud has no sinus)  
koru Colensoa/Pratia physaloides   Lobeliaceae  
kotukutuku/konini Fuchsia excorticata Onagraceae (Tree fuchsia - the largest of the species; "discovered" by Banks and Solander, 1769
kowhai Sophora microphylla   Fabaceae  
kowhai Sophora tetraptera   Fabaceae  
kowhai-ngutukaka Clianthus puniceus Fabaceae (Kaka-beak; "one of the few plants formerly cultivated by the Maori for ornament")  
kumarahou Pomaderris kumeraho   Rhamnaceae  
kurikuri Aciphylla squarrosa Umbelliferae  Speargrass
mahoe Melicytus ramiflorus Violaceae (Whiteywood)  
mahoewao/kai-weta Melicytus lanceolatus Violaceae  
maire Gymnelaea (or Nestegis) cunninghamii Oleaceae (Black maire
maire Gymnelaea (or Nestegis) lanceolata Oleaceae (White maire)
mairehau Phebalium nudum Rutaceae  
makaka Plagianthus divaricatus Cunoniaceae (Shore Ribbonwood
makamaka Ackama rosaefolia Cunoniaceae  
makomako Aristotelia serrata Elaeocarpaceae (Wineberry
mamaku/korau Cyathea medullaris Cyatheaceae (Black tree fern)  
manakura Melicytus micranthus Violaceae  
manatu Plagianthus betulinus Cunoniaceae (Ribbonwood; the largest NZ deciduous tree. Tuhoe called it "houhi-ongaonga", believing that ongaonga eventually became manatu, which they called "houhi".)
mangeao Litsea calicaris Lauraceae  
manuka Leptospermum scoparium Myrtaceae (Tea-tree; many variants, including "Huia", "Kea", "Kiwi", "Kotare", "Ruru", "Tui", "Wairere", and "Weka"))  
mapou/matipou Myrsine australis Myrsinaceae  
matai Podocarpus spicatus Podocarpaceae  
matata Rhabdothamnus solandri Gesneriaceae ("waiuataua" hoki") 
matipo  Myrsine salicina Myrsinaceae ("mapou" hoki; cf kohuhu)
matipou/mapou Myrsine salicina Myrsinaceae 
mingimingi/taumingi Cyathodes juniperina Epacridaceae  
miro Podocarpus ferrugineus Podocarpaceae  
monoao Dacrydium kirkii Podocarpaceae  
napuka/titirangi Hebe speciosa Scrophulariaceae  
neinei Dracophyllum latifolium Epacridaceae  
neinei Dracophyllum traversii Epacridaceae (Mountain nei nei
ngaio Myoporum laetum   Myoporaceae  
nikau Rhopalostylis sapida   Palmae (Nikau Palm)  
niniwa Gaultheria oppositifolia Ericaceae  
orooro Gymnelaea (or Nestegis) montana Oleaceae  
pahautea/kaikawaka Libocedrus bidwillii Cupressaceae Southern cedar 
parapara Heimerliodendron brunonianum Nyctaginaceae (found also in Australia
parapara/parapara Pseudopanax lessonii Araliaceae  "rakau tino mania"
pate Schefflera digitata Araliaceae  
patete Schefflera digitata Araliaceae  
poataniwha Melicope simplex Rutaceae  
pohutukawa Metrosideros excelsa Myrtaceae (New Zealand Christmas Tree)  
ponga Cyathea dealbata   Cyatheaceae (Silver Fern)  
porakaiwhiri Hedycarya arborea Monimiaceae (Pigeonwood. "Discovered" in 1769 by Banks and Solander at Anaura Bay.) 
poroporo Solanum aviculare Solanaceae  
poroporo Solanum laciniatum Solanaceae  
puawhananga Clematis paniculata Ranunculaceae  
puheretaiko Senecio reinoldii Asteraceae (Muttonbird Scrub
puka/akapuka Griselinia lucida Griseliniaceae  
puka/pukanui Meryta sinclairii Araliaceae  
pukanui/puka Meryta sinclairii Araliaceae  
pukapuka/rangiora Brachyglottis repanda   Asteraceae  
pukatea Laurelia novae-zelandiae Monimiaceae  
punga    (Tree ferns generally)  
puriri Vitex lucens Verbenaceae  
putaputaweta Carpodetus serratus Escalloniaceae  (Marble-leaf)
ramarama Lophomyrtus bullata   Myrtaceae  
rangiora/pukapuka Brachyglottis repanda   Asteraceae  
rata Metrosideros robusta Myrtaceae  
rata Metrosideros umbellata Myrtaceae (Southern Rata or Ironwood
rauhuia Linum monogynum Linaceae  
raukana      
raukawa/haumangaroa Pseudopanax edgerleyi Araliaceae  
raukumara Senecio perdicioides Asteraceae  
rautawhiri Pittosporum colensoi Pittosporaceae  
rautini Senecio huntii Asteraceae  
rewarewa Knightia excelsa   Proteaceae (New Zealand Honeysuckle
rimu Dacrydium cupressinum Podocarpaceae (Red Pine)  
rohutu Lophomyrtus obcordata Myrtaceae  
tainoka Carmichaelia cunninghamii Fabaceae  
tainui Pomaderris apetala Rhamnaceae  
tamingi Epacris pauciflora Epacridaceae  
tanekaha Phyllocladus trichomanoides Podocarpaceae  
tanguru Olearia albida Asteraceae  
tara-a-maui/tara-a-maiu Pseudopanax crassifolium var. trifoliatum Araliaceae  
tarairi Beilschmiedia taraire   Lauraceae  
taranga Pimelea longifolia Thymelaeaceae  
tarata Pittosporum eugenioides Pittosporaceae (Lemonwood; used by Maori for aromatic gum and ointment
tataramoa Rubus cissoides Rosaceae (Bush Lawyer
tauhinu/tawhini Cassinia fulvida Asteraceae (Cottonwood
taumingi/mingimingi Cyathodes juniperina Epacridaceae  
taupata Coprosma repens Rubiaceae  
taurepo Rhabdothamnus solandri  (New Zealand Gloxinia)  
tawa Beilschmiedia tawa   Lauraceae  
tawapou Planchonella novo-zelandica Sapotaceae  
tawari Ixerba brexioides Escalloniaceae  
tawheowheo Quintinia serrata Escalloniaceae  
tawhero/towai Weinmannia silvicola Cunoniaceae  
tawhirikaro Pittosporum cornifolium Pittosporaceae  
tete-a-weka Olearia angustifolia Asteraceae  
ti Cordyline Agavaceae (Cabbage tree)  
ti-kauka Cordyline australis Agavaceae (Cabbage tree)

  

tī kōuka      
ti-ngahere Cordyline banksii Agavaceae (Cabbage tree)  
ti-rauriki Cordyline pumilio Agavaceae (Cabbage tree)  
titirangi/napuka Hebe speciosa Scrophulariaceae  
titoki Alectryon excelsus Sapindaceae  
toatoa Phyllocladus alpinus Podocarpaceae (Mountain Toatoa
toatoa Phyllocladus glaucus Podocarpaceae  
toii Cordyline indivisa Agavaceae (Cabbage tree)  
toro Myrsine salicina Myrsinaceae  
toru Persoonia toru Proteaceae  
totara Podocarpus totara   Podocarpaceae  
totorowhiti Dracophyllum strictum Epacridaceae  
towai/tawhero Weinmannia silvicola Cunoniaceae   
tupare Olearia colensoi Asteraceae  
turepo Paratrophis microphylla Moraceae (Milk Tree
turu      
waiuatua/matata Rhabdothamnus solandri Gesneriaceae  
whakataka Corokia macrocarpa Cornaceae
wharangi Melicope ternata Rutaceae  
wharariki Phormium cookianum Agavaceae (Mountain Flax
whau   Entelea arborescens Tiliaceae (Related to South African "Sparmannia"
whauwhaupaku Neopanax or Pseudopanax arboreum Araliaceae (Five-finger
whauwhi Hoheria lyallii Malvaceae (Mountain ribbonwood
whe Cyathea smithii Cyatheaceae  
wheki Dicksonia squarrosa Pteridaceae  
wheki-ponga Dicksonia fibrosa Pteridaceae  


ReferencesEdit

  • Metcalf (LJ): "The Cultivation of New Zealand Trees and Shrubs"; Poneke, Reed, 1972
  • Fisher (ME), Satchell (E), Watkins (JM): "Gardening with New Zealand Plants Shrubs and Trees"; Akarana, Collins, 1982.


External linksEdit


 

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